Main Article Content
Ayvalık is a pioneer settlement in the West Anatolia with an olive-based industry since its establishment. However, due to fast technological developments and changes in production systems, there is a large stock of derelict industrial buildings within the city center. In addition, few of them are restored under poor conditions as a result of financial profits. This situation puts Ayvalık’s olive industrial heritage which constitutes the identity of the town at critical risk of extinction. Ertem Olive Oil Factory is one of the industrial heritage buildings in Ayvalık dating back to 1910 which is a typical well preserved-medium scale 19th-century olive oil factory including both olive oil and soap productions. The aim of this paper is to discuss a conservation approach for the industrial settlement of Ayvalık by assessing the factory and its close environment through values, problems and potentials.
The paper thus begins with brief history of Ayvalık and the effects of industrialization on the city. It continues with theoretical principles of adaptive re-use through contemporary literature and general evaluation of adaptive re-use examples in Ayvalık according to these principles. The third part focuses on the general characteristics of Ertem Olive Oil Factory and its close environment. The final part discusses the conservation approach for the adaptive re-use through values, problems and potentials of the building and Ayvalık.
Bınney, m., Machın,F., & Powell, K. (1990). Bright Future: The Re-use of Industrial Buildings, SAVE Britain's Heritage, London. https://www.savebritainsheritage.org/publications/publications-in-print
Brooker, G., & Stone, S. (2004). Re-readings: Interior Architecture and the Design Principles of Re-modelling Existing Buildings. RIBA Enterprises, London. https://www.ribabookshops.com/item/rereadings-interior-architecture-and-the-design-principles-of-remodelling-existing-buildings/82304/
Bullen, P., & Love, P. E. (2009). Residential regeneration and adaptive re-use: learning from the experiences of Los Angeles. Structural Survey , 27 (5), 351-60. https://doi.org/10.1108/02630800911002611
Cengizkan, M. (2006). Endüstri Yapılarında Yeniden İşlevlendirme: "İş" i Biten Endüstri Yapıları Ne "İş" e Yarar. (“Re-Functioning in Industrial Structures:“ Industrial Structures That Completed the Work lendirme What is Business) TMMOB Mimarlar Odası, 45(3), 9-11. http://www.mimarlarodasiankara.org/dosya/dosya3.pdf
Efe, R., Soykan, A., Cürebal, İ., & Sönmez, S. (2013). Edremit Yöresi Yağhaneleri [Edremit Region Oils]. Ana Gıda-Komili, İstanbul. http://www.komilizeytinyagi.com.tr/Files/ekitap/edremit-yoresi-yaghaneleri.pdf
Fohl, A. (1995). Bauten der Industrie und Technik, Schriftenreihe des Deutschen Nationalkomitees für Denkmalschutz. (Buildings of Industry and Technology (Series of the German National Committee for Monument Protection) Band 47, Innern. https://www.zvab.com/9783922153030/Bauten-Industrie-Technik-Schriftenreihe-Deutschen-3922153038/plp
ICOMOS. (2003). Nizhny Tagil Charter for the Industrial Heritage, Moscow, Retrieved from http://www.icomos.org/18thapril/2006/nizhny-tagil-charter-e.pdf
Jager, F. (Ed.). (2010). Old&New. Design Manual for Revitalizing Existing Buildings, Birkhäuser, Basel. https://issuu.com/birkhauser.ch/docs/oldnew
Kabasakal, S. (1987). A study on re-functioning of the 19th century industrial buildings, a case study in Ayvalık center area. Unpublished MSc. dissertation, Department of Architecture-Restoration, METU, Ankara. http://www.mimarlikdergisi.com/index.cfm?sayfa=mimarlik&DergiSayi=383&RecID=3054
Koksal, T. G. (2005). İstanbul'daki Endüstri Mirası için Koruma ve Yeniden Kullanım Önerileri [Protection and Reuse Recommendations for Industrial Heritage in Istanbul]. unpublished PhD dissertation, Department of Architecture, ITU, İstanbul.
Manisa, K. (2013). Endüstri Mirası Olarak Zeytinyağı İşlikleri.( Standing as Industrial Heritage - Old Olive Oil Works and Architectural Features in Bergama Region (Ege Mimarlık Magazine) Mimarlık Dergisi (369), 77. http://www.mimarlikdergisi.com/index.cfm?sayfa=mimarlik&DergiSayi=383&RecID=3054
Plevoets, B., & VAN C. K. (2011). Adaptive Re-use as a Strategy towards Conservation of Cultural Heritage: A Literature Review. WIT Transactions on the Built Environments , 18, 155-164.
Psarros, D. (2004). 'Kydonies-Ayvalık'ın Kentsel Tarihi ['Urban History of Kydonies-Ayvalik]. In ŞAHİN GÜÇHAN, N. (ed.) Ege'nin İki Yakası I-Ayvalık'ın Kent Tarihi Çalışmaları Bildiriler Kitabı, 28-30 October 2004, inprint, Ayvalık. http://jfa.arch.metu.edu.tr/archive/0258-5316/2008/cilt25/sayi_1/53-80.pdf
R., K., & Feıreıss, L. (Eds.). (2009). Build-on: Converted Architecture and Transformed Buildings. Gestalten, Berlin. https://pdfkingdom.com/pdf/downloads/build-on-converted-architecture-and-transformed-buildings.pdf
Rogıc, T. (2009). Converted Industrial Buildings: Where Past and Present Live in Formal Unity. Phd dissertation, TUDelft, Amsterdam. https://repository.tudelft.nl/islandora/object/uuid:20de163d-db70-415d.../download
Sogancı, M. N. (2001). Architecture as palimpsest:Re-functioning of industrial buildings within the scope of industrial archaeology, Unpublished MSc. dissertation, Department of Architecture, METU, Ankara. http://mugecengizkan.blogspot.com/2015/02/blog-post.html
Sahin G, N. (2008). 'Tracing the Memoir of Dr. Şerafeddin Mağmumi for the Urban Memory of Ayvalık'. METU Journal of Faculty of Architecture, 25(1), 53-80. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235674144_Tracing_the_Memoir_of_Dr_Serafeddin_Magmumi_for_the_Urban_Memory_of_Ayvalik
UNESCO (2017), Ayvalık Industrial Landscape, http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/6243/
Yerliyurt, B., & Manisa, K. (2014). Re-use of Traditional Olive-oil Mills in the Context of Alternative Tourism for Sustainable Social and Ecologic Environment; industrial heritage at Ayvacık Coastal Area. ALAM CIPTA : International Journal of Sustainable Tropical Design Research and Practice (Volume 7, No. 2, December 2014, Pages 37 to 50). http://www.frsb.upm.edu.my/dokumen/FKRSE1_154-540-1-PB.pdf
Yorulmaz, A. (2000). Ayvalık'ı Gezerken. Geylan Kitabevi, Ayvalık. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/18277742-ayval-k-gezerken