Informal Use of “Marginal Open Space” Along Residential Streets in a Nigerian City
Keywords:Marginal open space, Sustainable urban development, Residential area, Planning implications, Nigeria
In today’s highly regulated cities, a conspicuous pattern of marginal open space has emerged between buildings and streets. With rapid population growth, different activities are also emerging in the open spaces, particularly in the cities of developing countries. This study explores the informal use of the marginal open spaces along residential streets in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, to identify the physical planning implications. The data for this study were mainly collected through a questionnaire survey and open space measurements. Findings established that the major activities in the open space were necessary (earning income), socio-cultural and leisure pursuits. Land-use problem occurrence index (LPOI) showed that the significant challenges associated with the use of the space were an increase in travel time to destinations (LPOI = 4.33), open space littering (LPOI = 4.17), traffic and pedestrian congestion (LPOI = 4.17), and degradation of aesthetics (LPOI = 3.99). It is therefore concluded that the use of marginal open space has both positive and negative effects on the residential environments of the Nigerian city. The study adds to the body of knowledge in urban studies by empirically investigating the physical planning implications of the everyday use of marginal open space in a developing country.
Adebara, O. B., & Adebara, T. M. (2019). Private Car Users’ Willingness to Pay for Designated Parking Spaces in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 8(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/arjass/2019/v8i430108
Adebara, T. M. (2017). Physical Planning Implications of Open Space Utilization in Ile-Ife, Nigeria (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Obafemi Awolowo University.
Adebara, T. M., & Adebara, O. B. (2020). Vulnerability of the Elderly in Public Spaces. In B. O. Odufuwa & A. I. Badiora (Eds.), Built Environment and The Vulnerable (pp.227-246). Gratia Associates International
Adebara, T.M. (2021). Open Space Utilization in Residential Areas of Selected Traditional Cities in Nigeria (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). Obafemi Awolowo University.
Adedeji, J. A., Fadamiro, J. A., & Adeoye, A. (2014). Spatial Implications of Street Trading in Osogbo Traditional City Centre, Nigeria. Architecture Research, 4(1A), 34-44. https://doi:10.5923/s.arch.201401.05.
Adedeji, J. A., & Fadamiro, J. A. (2015). Urban open space transition and management in Lagos, Nigeria. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 26(6), 951-965. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-05-2013-0051
Afon, O. A., & Adebara, T. M. (2022). Socio-Cultural Utilization of Open Spaces in the Traditional Residential Neighbourhood of Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Space and Culture, 25(1), 33-51. https://doi.org/10.1177/1206331219874698
Agboola, O. P. (2022). The significance of rural markets as a public space in Nigeria. Habitat International, 122 (1), 102519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2022.102519
Askari, A. H., & Soltani, S. (2019). Determinants of a successful public open space: the case of Dataran Merdeka in the city centre of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Landscape research, 44 (2), 162-173. https://doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2018.1427221
Awuah, K. G. B., & Hammond, F. N. (2014). Determinants of low land use planning regulation compliance rate in Ghana. Habitat International, 41 (1), 17-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2013.06.002
Basorun, J. O., & Ayeni, D. A. (2013). Planning and Restoration of Environmental Values in Nigeria Dysfunctional Societies. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 2(4), 185-198. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2013.v2n4p185
Ceccato, V., & Bamzar, R. (2016). Elderly victimization and fear of crime in public spaces. International criminal justice review, 26 (2), 115-133. https://doi.org/10.1177/1057567716639096
Falade, J. B. (1985). Nigeria’s Urban Open Space: An Inquiry into their Evolution, Planning and Landscape Qualities [Doctoral dissertation, University of Edinburg]. UE Campus Repository. http://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/bitstream
Garde, A. M. (1999). Marginal Spaces in the Urban Landscape: Regulated Margins or Incidental Open Spaces? Journal of Planning Education and Research, 18 (3), 200-210. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X9901800302
Gehl, J. (2011). Life between buildings: Using public space. Washington, Covelo and London, Island Press.
Jurkovic, N. (2014). Perception, experience and the use of public urban spaces by residents of urban neighbourhoods. Urbani izziv, 25(1), 107-125. https://doi: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2014-25-01-003.
Khalid, N. S., Hilal, S., Nasrudin, N., & Marzukhi, M. A. (2018). Lost Space in Urban Core Areas of Kuala Lumpur in Relations to Physical Urban Environment. Planning Malaysia, 16(7), 156-170. https://doi.org/10.21837/pm.v16i7.508
Kilnarova, P., & Wittmann, M. (2017). Open Space between Residential Buildings as a Factor of Sustainable Development - Case Studies in Brno (Czech Republic) and Vienna (Austria). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 95(5), 1-12. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/95/5/052008
Madanipour, A. (2010). Marginal public spaces in European cities. In A. Madanipour (Ed.), Whose Public Space? (pp. 111-130). Routledge
Magalhaes, C. (2010). Public Space and the Contracting-out of Publicness: A Framework for Analysis. Journal of Urban Design, 15 (4), 559-574. https://doi.org/10.1080/13574809.2010.502347
McWhorter J. (2013). Examining the preferences and perceived psychological benefits of urban parks by socio-economic status: A case study in Lansing, Michigan. Michigan state university [Master’s thesis, Michigan State Univeristy]. MSU Campus Repository. https://d.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:1611
Sanesi, G., & Chiarello, F. (2006). Residents and urban green spaces: The case of Bari. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 4(3-4), 125-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2005.12.001
Stanley, B., Stark, B. L., Johnston, K. L., & Smith, M. E. (2012). Urban Open Spaces in Historical Perspective: A Transdisciplinary Typology and Analysis. Urban Geography, 33(8), 1089–1117. https://doi.org/10.2747/0272-3622.214.171.1249
Trancik, R. (1986). Finding Lost Space: Theories of Urban Design. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Woolley, H. (2005). Urban Open Spaces. London and New York, Spon Press.
Yilmaz, S., Zengin, M., & Yildiz, N. D. (2007). Determination of user profile at city parks: A sample from Turkey. Building and Environment, 42(6), 2325-233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.05.001
Yung, E. H., Conejos, S., & Chan, E. H. (2016). Social needs of the elderly and active aging in public open spaces in urban renewal. Cities, 52(1), 114-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2015.11.022
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Temitope Muyiwa Adebara, Dr. Oyinloluwa Beatrice Adebara , Dr. Adewumi Israel Badiora
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.