The Psychological Effects of Park Therapy Components on Campus Landscape Preferences

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-3

Keywords:

Park therapy components, Landscape preferences, Mood states, Anxiety level, Visitor-employed photography, Image tagging, Psychological effects

Abstract

COVID-19 has doubled the prevalence of mental health problems among young adults. In Indonesia, it extends the vulnerability of families, increases economic uncertainty, interrupts food security, and affects psychological well-being. Accordingly, this research examined the correlation between psychological effects and preferred landscape elements. Experiments were conducted in a campus park, arboretum, and a road. Participants captured attractive views during the walk using the Visitor-Employed Photography method and evaluated psychological effects using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) pre-and post-walking. Google Cloud Vision API was used to get the image annotation keywords. The results indicated a correlation between psychological effects and preferred landscape elements. Park therapy components, including plant, flower, and sky, were negatively correlated with negative moods and anxiety levels. These findings presented scientific evidence for the psychological relaxation outcome of walking and prominent components of park therapy to support therapeutic campus greenspace planning.

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Author Biographies

Assist. Prof. Dr. Prita Indah Pratiwi, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University

Prita Indah Pratiwi contributes to leading the research of young lecturers funded by Community Fund, Research, and Community Service IPB University. Her main research fields are environmental psychology, park therapy, landscape perception and preference, and ecotourism planning. Her primary publication includes "Physiological and Psychological Effects of Walking in Urban Parks and Its Imagery in Different Seasons in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Evidence from Matsudo City, Japan" and "Physiological and Psychological Effects of Viewing Urban Parks in Different Seasons in Adults".

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bambang Sulistyantara, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia

Bambang Sulistyantara contributes to co-arranging research design as a research team member. He is the head of the Landscape Plants and Greenery System Division, Department of Landscape Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University. His main research field is urban environmental comfort, analysis of green space function on human comfort and welfare, urban forest function and management, and ecotourism planning and analysis. His recent publication includes "Determination of Attractiveness Index and Carrying Capacity of the Geosites for Sustainable Geotourism Development in The Cyclops Mountains of Papua, Indonesia" and "The Prospect of Geotourism in the Cycloop Mountains Conservation Area Papua".

Saraswati Sisriany, Yayasan Abirama Lestari Indonesia, Bogor, Indonesia

She is currently active as a landscape researcher in a nonprofit organization focusing on the improvement of community livelihood, as well as the conservation of the environment. Her main research field is ecotourism planning. Her recent publication includes "Multicriteria potential mapping for Mangrove ecotourism in Batu Ampar, West Kalimantan" and "Ecotourism Policy Research Trends in Indonesia, Japan, and Australia".

Samuel Nanda Lazuardi , Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia

He is a final-year master's student and research assistant in the Landscape Plants and Greenery System Division, Department of Landscape Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University. He has a publication in the journal of Vegetalika, belonging to the UGM Faculty of Agriculture, published in 2022.

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Published

2022-08-14

How to Cite

Pratiwi, P. I., Sulistyantara, B., Sisriany, S., & Lazuardi, S. N. (2022). The Psychological Effects of Park Therapy Components on Campus Landscape Preferences. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 6(2), 143–155. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-3

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Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities