Main Article Content
Aesthetics as a discipline was originally part of philosophy and cosmology, primarily it was used to create a holistic picture of the world. Throughout history, subject and tasks of aesthetics as a discipline have been changing in different historical, cultural, religious and artistic discourses, nature and the beauty of objects intentionally produced by man, but doubts in division of aesthetic experiences in comparison to these variants of beauty. One of the cities where started to rebuild in North Iraq after the Saddam Hussein s regime was Erbil. This fact has evidently started to come out as a problem of urban conservation that results in the loss of architectural and social values of the historical settings. New building in a historical settlement is an urban conservation problem that forms out a methodology of analyzing and evaluating the existing built fabric with a typological study, making an interpretation of it commenting on the legal regulations and introducing new principles that are based on the synthesis of the past and today for providing historical continuity and preserving urban identity despite the continuous change. The study revealed that by using local and traditional elements in modern architecture there is a possibility to protect historical building.
Be´rube, M. (2004) The Aesthetics of Cultural Studies. Blackwell: USA.
Bhatt, R. (2000) On the Epistemological Significance of Aesthetic Values in Architectural Theory. Massachusetts Institute of Technology: India.
Bornberg, R., Tayfor, M. A. and Jaimes, M. (n.d). (2006) Traditional Versus a Global International Style: Aarbil, Iraq. Institute of Comparative Studies Research in Architecture, Austria, 1-10.
Colquhoun, A. (2002) Modern Architecture. Oxford History of Art: UK.
Distinct Build (n.d). Modern Architecture Defining Characteristics. Accessed from http://distinctbuild.ca/modern_architecture_defining_characteristics.php, April 2016.
Farah, W. Al-Hashimi, T. and Bandyopadhyay, S. (2015) The Persistent Element in the Old Urban Fabric, Erbil Bazar. Journal of Strategic Innovation and Sustainability, 10(2), 48-57.
Khayat, M. B. and Khaznadar, B. M. (2002) Formal characteristics of vernacular architecture in Erbil city and other Iraqi cities. College of Engineering, University of Salahaddin-Erbil, The Iraqi Journal of Architecture, 20(1).
Marc A. (2010) Traditional Architecture FAQ. Accessed from http://blog.marcantonioarchitects.com/traditional-architecture-faq/, April 2016.
Nanda, P. (1995) The Culture of Building to Craft-A Regional Contemporary Aesthetic. (Unpublished Master Thesis) Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Delhi, India.
Ismail, S., Akram, M., and Franco, D. (2014) The Cultural Significant of Erbil City: Case of Traditional Kurdistan Houses. International Journal of Engineering Technology, 4(2). 102-106.
Parker, D. H. (n.d). (1920) The Principles of Aesthetics. University of Michigan: US.
Pohl, K. (2009) Identity and Hybridity: Chinese Culture and Aesthetics in the Age of Globalization in Anton Van den Braembussche et al., Intercultural Aesthetics: A Worldview Perspective, 87-104, Rotterdam: Springer.
Shokrpour, M. and Fakherian, P. (2015) Evaluation of Aesthetics in Architecture from the Perspective of Quran. Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Science, Journal (CSJ), 36(4). 41-58.
Sumarni Ismail. (2014) Monitoring Strategies and Key Indicators for Sustaining the Heritage Values of Melaka and George World Heritage Cities. (Unpublished Ph.D Thesis) at University of Malaya:Malaysia.
Vaillancourt, D. (2000) Reviewed Work: International Yearbook of Aesthetics: Aesthetics and/as Globalization by Aleš Erjavec. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 65(3), 344-346.
Winter, (2007) Aesthetic and Architecture. The Tower Building: London.
Zangwil, N. (2007) Aesthetic Creation. Oxford New York: US.
Zhiping Z. (2000) Traditional Buildings of China and their performance in Earthquakes, in: Proc. of the International Conference on the Seismic Performance of Traditional Buildings, Istanbul: Turkey .
Lawer A. (2014) Erbil Revealed. Accessed from http://www.archaeology.org/issues/145-1409/features/2419-kurdistan-erbil-excavations#art2, May, 2016.
Puja Nanda (1995) THE CULTURE OF BUILDING TO CRAFT-A REGIONAL
CONTEMPORARY AESTHETIC. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Ford, F. (1995) What is Aesthetics? Accessed from http://paulford.com/, May, 2016.
Lever House, (2008) Accessed from http://som.com/projects/lever_house, May, 2016.
Alan Q. (2002) Modern Architecture, Oxford University Press 2002. 177, 178.