Sustainability of Tourism Development in the city of Ain-Sukhna, Egypt




Coastal Tourism, Sustainable Development, Cultural Resource, Ain-Sukhna, Galala City


Tourism is a major economic source for Egypt, due to its significant natural and cultural attractions. Yet, rapid development and construction of touristic facilities have a negative impact on the fragile natural and cultural heritage. This paper studies the recent touristic developments of the coastal stretch of Ain-Sukhna on the Red Sea coastal region of Galala Mountain, and their impact on the surrounding natural and cultural attractions. Coral reefs and rich marine life have made this stretch among the prime fishing and scuba diving destinations in the world. The area is also famous for its year-round sunny beaches and the spectacular coastal scenic drive where Galala Mountain reaches the Red Sea. Recently, development has started on the mountains following the construction of Galala Mountain Road. Galala City started with Galala University and several residential, touristic, and commercial facilities. This paper studies the pattern of development in the area during the past 40 years and assesses its impact on natural and cultural resources.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Professor Dr. Yasser Mahgoub, Faculty of Architecture, Galala University, Egypt

Dr. Yasser Mahgoub is an architect, academic and scholar. Currently, Program Director, Faculty of Architecture, Galala University. Received his Doctorate in Architecture degree from The University of Michigan in 1990. Held several academic positions at Ain Shams University (Egypt), United Arab Emirates University, Kuwait University, Qatar University, Dar Al Hekma University (Saudi Arabia) and Galala University (Egypt). Practised as a professional architect and consultant.. Teaches design studios, research methods, environment and behaviour, creativity and innovation, professional practice, graduation/senior projects and graduate courses. His research interests include social and cultural aspects of architecture, sustainable architecture, architectural education and the impact of globalization on architecture. Published several refereed research papers in internationally refereed journals and book chapters. Attended and presented papers in several international and regional conferences. Served as a scientific referee for many scientific conferences and journals. Was a member of the Agha Khan for Architecture Award reviewers for the 2010 cycle and currently country nominator.


Abdallah, A. (2007). Monitoring Environmental Changes in El-Ain El-Sokhna Area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Nine Conference for Geographical and GIS Department. 1. Alexandria: Faculty of Arts, Alexandria University.

Abdul Rahman, N., Ghani, I., Teh, M., & Ibrahim, K. (2020). Rethinking Urban Public Space: Physical and Functional Analysis through Visual Surveys. The 1st International Conference on Urban Design and Planning. 409. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Adillon, R. (2018). Diamond Model: A theoretical framework for the sustainable development of tourism. Arts & Humanities Open Access Journal, 3(1), 11‒23.

Bauer, A. H., Tügel, F., & Hinkelmann, R. (2020). Flash Flood Investigations in El Gouna, Northern Red Sea Governorate. In Egypt. In A. M. (ed.), Flash Floods in Egypt: Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation. Springer Nature.

Bratucu, G., Baltescu, C., Neacsu, N., Boscor, D., Tierean, O., & Madar, A. (2017). Approaching the Sustainable Development Practices in Mountain Tourism in the Romanian Carpathians. Sustainability, 9(11).

ElAfandi, G., & Morsy, M. (2020). Developing an Early Warning System for Flash Flood in Egypt: Case Study Sinai Peninsula. In A. Negm, Flash Floods In Egypt: Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation (pp. 45-60). (IEREK Interdisciplinary Series for Sustainable Development), Springer Nature.

Franzoni, S. (2015). Measuring the sustainability performance of the tourism sector. Tourism Management Perspectives, 16, 22–27.

Gohar, A., & Kondolf, M. G. (2020). How Eco is Eco-Tourism? A Systematic Assessment of Resorts on the Red Sea, Egypt. Sustainability, 12(23).

Hawkins, J., & Roberts, C. (1996). The growth of coastal tourism in the Red Sea: present and possible future effects on coral reefs : J. P. Hawkins & C. M. Roberts, in: Proceedings of the colloquium on global aspects of coral reefs, Miami, 1993, ed R.N. Ginsburg & F.G.W. Smith. Biological Conservation, 76(2), 216.

Keeble, B. (1987). The Brundtland commission: Environment and development to the year 2000. Medicine and War, 3(4), 207-210.

Malik, M., & Bhat, M. (2015). Sustainability of tourism development in Kashmir—Is paradise lost? Tourism Management Perspectives, 16, 11–21.

Negm, A., & El-Sayed, O. (2020). Introduction to “Flash Floods in Egypt”. In A. Negm, & A. M. Negm (Ed.), Flash Floods in Egypt (pp. 3-9). IEREK Interdisciplinary Series for Sustainable Development, Springer.

Shaalan, I. M. (2005). Sustainable tourism development in the Red Sea of Egypt threats and opportunities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 13(2), 83-87.



How to Cite

Mahgoub, Y. (2022). Sustainability of Tourism Development in the city of Ain-Sukhna, Egypt. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 6(1), 13–22.