Fear and Architecture: Learning from Mega-Projects and Canal Istanbul as a Case


  • Prof. Dr. Ece Ceylan Baba Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4340-2731
  • MSc. Cansu Aktaş Graduate School of Natural and Applies Sciences, Masters Program in Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8793-2844
  • MSc. Ceren Balioğlu Graduate School of Natural and Applies Sciences, Masters Program in Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9888-016X
  • MSc. Taylan Kaba Graduate School of Natural and Applies Sciences, Masters Program in Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2982-5765




Fear, Mega-projects, Canal Istanbul, Architecture of Fear, Uncertainty, Urban Planning


Fear has been a fundamental aspect of human existence throughout history, and its connection with architecture has evolved as cities and the built environment have changed. Mega-projects, such as Canal Istanbul, play a significant role in shaping urban fear. Considering this fact, this study explores the relationship between fear and architecture in the context of mega-projects, with a focus on the case of Canal Istanbul, to define fear, identify its different types (environmental, socio-economic, technological), and examine their common underlying factor: generating a situation of uncertainty. The research investigates the Canal Istanbul project as a case study, presenting arguments supported by theoretical sources to explore the relationship between fear, architecture, and uncertainty. In this regard, this study adopts a qualitative and interpretive research approach. It provides insights into the potential consequences of the Canal Istanbul project concerning fear and architecture by emphasizing the importance of transparency and public participation in mega-projects, highlighting the need for detailed analysis and scientific references. Overall, the research contributes to understanding the interplay between fear, architecture, and mega-projects, offering valuable insights for future urban planning and development.


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Author Biographies

Prof. Dr. Ece Ceylan Baba , Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey

Ece Ceylan Baba, Prof.Dr., completed her undergraduate education at Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University Department of Architecture, her master's degree at Yeditepe University Architecture Program, and her PhD at Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University Architecture Design Problems Program. She got associate professorship degree in 2016 and became a full professor in 2021, and is a faculty member at Yeditepe University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architecture. In the academic field, she researches on architectural utopias and dystopias, high-rise buildings, globalization, user participation, environmental and urban psychology, housing typologies and the concept of loft; continues its studies, research and publications in these fields. The author has several national and international articles and projects, in addition to Architectural Utopias in Search of the Ideal City (December 2020), Design Democracy and Istanbul (September 2012) and Loft: Loft Architecture in the Transition Process from Modernism to Postmodernism and Its Reflections in Istanbul (April 2015). ) has three books.


MSc. Cansu Aktaş, Graduate School of Natural and Applies Sciences, Masters Program in Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey

Cansu Aktaş, a Masters Student, completed her studies at Yeditepe University in 2022, obtaining a degree in Architecture. Additionally, she pursued a minor program in Visual Communication Design at the same university. In 2022, Cansu began her master's degree in Architecture at Yeditepe University, where she was awarded a scholarship and remains currently enrolled. Furthermore, she is employed as a teaching assistant at Yeditepe University.

MSc. Ceren Balioğlu, Graduate School of Natural and Applies Sciences, Masters Program in Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey

Ceren Balioğlu has started her education in the Department of Architecture at Yeditepe University Faculty of Architecture in 2017. She graduated in 2021. After continuing her studies in the field of architecture for a year after graduation, she continues her education in the Master of Architecture at Yeditepe University in September 2022. At the same time, she continues to work in her professional life while continuing her education.


MSc. Taylan Kaba, Graduate School of Natural and Applies Sciences, Masters Program in Architecture, Yeditepe University, Turkey

Taylan Kaba completed his studies in the Department of Architecture at Eastern Mediterranean University in 2018. Subsequently, he commenced his master's degree in the Master of Architecture program at Yeditepe University in 2022 and is currently pursuing further education. Additionally, throughout his professional career, the author has gained experience by working in various architectural firms.



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How to Cite

Baba, E. C., Aktaş, C., Balioğlu, C., & Kaba, T. (2023). Fear and Architecture: Learning from Mega-Projects and Canal Istanbul as a Case. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 7(1), 19–37. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2023.v7n1-2



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