The Impact of Urban Home Gardens on The Mental Well-Being of Women in The Greater Jakarta Area


  • R Anantama Benanda Yasminingrat Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia
  • Dr. Bambang Sulistyantara Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia
  • Dr. Nizar Nasrullah Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia



home garden, Jakarta Greater Area, mental well-being, woman, positive mental health


Promoting positive mental health is of utmost importance, especially in today's urban context, as recognized by the World Health Organization. However, the scarcity of green spaces in urban areas presents challenges for fostering a connection with nature. To address this gap, this study investigates the distinctive contribution of urban home gardens to the mental well-being of women in the Greater Jakarta Area. Through an online survey, participant backgrounds and mental well-being were assessed using the WEMWBS scale. Validity and reliability were established using Pearson's product-moment correlation and Cronbach's alpha, respectively. The study unravels several influential factors, including garden interaction (visit frequency and duration) and size. Crucially, it advances the literature by shedding light on the original contribution of urban home gardens to mental well-being. Notably, women who visit their urban home garden more than seven times a week and spend over two hours per day in their garden report the highest levels of mental well-being. These findings highlight the unique role of urban home gardens in promoting mental well-being among urban women. Consequently, they hold implications for policymakers and practitioners aiming to enhance mental well-being and foster access to green spaces in urban areas.


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Author Biographies

R Anantama Benanda Yasminingrat, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia

R Anantama Benanda Yasminingrat, born on September 4, 1996, is a dedicated third-year master's student in the Department of Landscape Architecture at IPB University. With a strong passion for stress therapy within green open spaces, particularly home gardens, she has established herself as a promising researcher in this field. In 2020, she successfully completed her bachelor's degree in agriculture (horticulture) from Jenderal Soedirman University. Prior to pursuing her master's degree, R Anantama gained valuable experience as a research assistant at Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology; Indonesia), where she specialized in analyzing research data in 2018. Additionally, she showcased her linguistic skills as a translator for student field projects at the National University of Singapore in 2022.

Having already made significant contributions to her field, R Anantama published her thesis internally at Universitas Jenderal Soedirman in 2020. Furthermore, she proudly joined the ranks of writers for the Expose of Sustainable Landscape Management, titled "Nala Jenggala," an internal publication within the Department of Landscape Architecture at IPB University, also in 2020. With an academic and professional background, R Anantama continues to captivate readers with her profound knowledge and expertise in landscape architecture and green planning.


Dr. Bambang Sulistyantara, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia

Bambang Sulistyantara plays a crucial role in supervising research endeavors as the esteemed head of the Landscape Plants and Greenery System Division within the Department of Landscape Agriculture at IPB University's Faculty of Agriculture. With a primary research focus on urban environmental comfort, Bambang's expertise extends to analyzing the functional impact of green spaces on human well-being, managing urban forests, and planning and evaluating ecotourism initiatives.

Among his notable publications are "The Psychological Effects of Park Therapy Components on Campus Landscape Preferences," "Determination of Attractiveness Index and Carrying Capacity of the Geosites for Sustainable Geotourism Development in The Cycloops Mountains of Papua, Indonesia," and "The Prospect of Geotourism in the Cycloop Mountains Conservation Area Papua." These publications reflect Bambang Sulistyantara's dedication to advancing knowledge in his field and shedding light on key aspects of sustainable urban development and ecotourism. With his profound expertise and valuable contributions to research, Bambang Sulistyantara stands as a distinguished authority in the realm of landscape agriculture and environmental studies.


Dr. Nizar Nasrullah , Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia

Nizar Nasrullah plays a vital role in co-supervising research initiatives as the esteemed head of the Department of Landscape Agriculture at IPB University's Faculty of Agriculture. With a primary focus on urban environmental comfort, Nizar excels in analyzing the functional impact of green spaces on human well-being and welfare, as well as the effective management of urban green spaces.

Nizar's recent publications reflect his dedication to advancing knowledge in his field. These include "Analysis of Green Open Space Needs in Pekanbaru City based on The Thermal Comfort Index (THI)," "Study of climbing plant growth on different types of vertical structures," and "Treatment of plant growth regulating substances and modification of growing media to stimulate flowering of bougainvillea in air polluted streetscape." These publications exemplify Nizar Nasrullah's commitment to exploring innovative solutions in landscape agriculture and enhancing the understanding of urban environmental dynamics.

With his impressive professional and academic achievements, Nizar Nasrullah stands as a reputable authority in his field. Through his research and expertise, he continues to contribute significantly to the understanding and sustainable management of urban green spaces, thereby fostering enhanced environmental comfort and well-being for urban communities.



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How to Cite

Benanda Yasminingrat, R. A., Sulistyantara, B., & Nasrullah, N. (2023). The Impact of Urban Home Gardens on The Mental Well-Being of Women in The Greater Jakarta Area. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 7(1), 39–50.



Resilience and Built Environment