Can Urbanization Influence Carbon Dioxide Emissions? Evidence from BRICS–T Countries




Urbanization, Energy Intensity, Economic Growth, Pooled OLS, Fixed Effect


Climate change is one of several issues confronting the planet today. Addressing this problem will create a safer environment for humans and other species. Thus, this study explores how the urban population (UBNP) influences carbon dioxide emissions (CO2e) levels in BRICS–T from 1990–2021 (192 observations) using Pooled OLS and Fixed Effects techniques. In addition, energy intensity (ENIT) and economic growth (GDP) are utilized as control variables. The Pooled OLS result demonstrates that UBNP growth reduces CO2e by 0.19%; a rise in ENIT levels spurs CO2e by 1.10%, and an increase in GDP enhances CO2e by 0.61%. The Fixed Effects outcome shows that an upsurge in UBNP reduces CO2e by 1.19%, while ENIT and GDP rise boosts CO2e by 1.19% and 1.04%, respectively. This study recommends continuous urban planning, rural area development, renewable energy integration, and the use ofenergy–efficient buildings.


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Author Biographies

Assist. Prof. Dr. Oluwatoyin Abidemi Somoye , Near East University

Oluwatoyin Abidemi Somoye is an Assistant Professor in Economics at Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus. His research interests are macroeconomics, energy economics, environmental economics, and developmental economics.

Toluwalope Seyi Akinwande, Near East University, Department of Economics, Nicosia, Cyprus

Toluwalope Seyi Akinwande is a Ph.D. student at the Department of Economics, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus. Her research interests are macroeconomics, gender economics, energy economics, and data analytics.


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How to Cite

Somoye, O., & Akinwande, T. S. (2023). Can Urbanization Influence Carbon Dioxide Emissions? Evidence from BRICS–T Countries. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 7(1), 164–174.