Cultural landscape devastation as a consequence of poor Sustainable Urban Development practice Case study: Kostanjica, Boka Bay, Montenegro

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KOSARA KUJUNDZIC, Ph.D. Candidate
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0031-4571
SLAVICA STAMATOVIC VUCKOVIC, Dr.
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9267-945X

Abstract

Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor, Boka Bay, Montenegro, is well known for its exceptional beauty, evaluated by UNESCO. The unique universal value has been embodied in the cultural landscape: vernacular architecture harmonized with the cultivated terraced landscape on the slopes of high, rocky mountains. Kostanjica is an old settlement in Boka Bay, former fishermen village, recognized for valuable elements of the cultural landscape: chestnut tree and laurel forest, terraced gardens with arable land, fruit gardens, traditional architecture in stone: clusters of houses, piers and docks, pedestrian pathways, pavements, retaining walls, well integrated in the autochthone Mediterranean vegetation. Since Montenegro has pronounced itself Ecological state in 1991, environmental protection has become the highest priority in all Sustainable Development agendas and policies. Furthermore, preservation of regional peculiarity and fostering distinctive identity of a place, is one of the crucial sustainable development goals. However, when it comes to the implementation of sustainable principles and objectives in practice, the result is disappointing. Not only the SD goals remain unfulfilled and environment unprotected, but also the inappropriate Urban Development practices cause devastation of space and the landscape. The ongoing Development of tourist resort “Boka Gardens” in Kostanjica has revealed these harmful, unsustainable tendencies in Montenegro. On the grounds of investor’s urban planning and profit-driven architecture, the unique and valuable cultural landscape of Kostanjica has been devastated to the extent that Boka Bay’s UNESCO status has been jeopardized. The paper researches causes of this damaging phenomena, seeking for ways of overcoming profoundly harmful building practices, thus leading to the more efficient and sustainable urban development

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How to Cite
KUJUNDZIC, K., & VUCKOVIC, S. (2019). Cultural landscape devastation as a consequence of poor Sustainable Urban Development practice Case study: Kostanjica, Boka Bay, Montenegro. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 3(1), 121-131. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.4689
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Articles
Author Biographies

KOSARA KUJUNDZIC, Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

- PhD Candidate. Kosara Kujundzic, architect

PhD Candidate at Faculty of Architecture,

University of Belgrade,

Belgrade, Serbia

kosarak@gmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0031-4571

SLAVICA STAMATOVIC VUCKOVIC, Dr., Faculty of Architecture, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro

- Dr. SLAVICA STAMATOVIC VUCKOVIC, architect

Assistant Professor

Faculty of Architecture,

University of Montenegro,

Podgorica, Montenegro  

slavicas@t-com.me

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9267-945X

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